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A 41-year-old member asked:

what is diabetes.not enough insulin is produced, ?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Louis Krenn
Family Medicine 20 years experience
2 types: Type 1 diabetes does involve the lack of production of Insulin from the pancreas. This usually affects children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes develops as a results of Insulin resistance, usually related to obesity. You have plenty of Insulin in type 2. Both lead to excess sugar in the blood as the cells are not able to get sugar into the cells to burn as fuel or store for later.

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A 22-year-old member asked:

Does anyone know the reason that some diabetics are prescribed insulin while others can take oral meds?

2 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Saima Farghani
Specializes in Endocrinology
Diabetes type: It depends on the type of diabetes. Usually type 1 are Insulin dependent and they are deficient in Insulin and type 2 can be treated witn oral meds because they are Insulin resistant not defiecient. But after many years of diabtes some type 2 can also need Insulin because their body stops making Insulin and they will then need insulin.Some type 2 diabetic are given Insulin in acute illness
A 48-year-old member asked:

Is there any oral insulin product available for type 1 diabetics?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Vered Lewy-Weiss
A Verified Doctor answered
A US doctor answered Learn more
No: Unfortunately, no. Insulin is a hormone which, if ingested, would be rendered useless by the juices of the digestive tract.
A 44-year-old member asked:

How will lack of insulin harm people with diabetes?

1 doctor answer5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joseph Woods
Pathology 28 years experience
No sugar in cells.: Insulin is the hormone secreted by the pancreas to get glucose inside the cells and out of the bloodstream. In diabetes type i, the beta-islet cell of the pancreas are destroyed, and no Insulin is secreted. This means glucose builds up in the blood and the cells don't get it, therefore they starve, and death results if untreated. So treatment is to give them insulin.
A 43-year-old member asked:

What percentage of people with diabetes can't make insulin?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joseph Kuhn
A Verified Doctor answered
A US doctor answered Learn more
5-10% are type 1: 90-95 % of diabetic patients are type 2, meaning that they make insulin, but still have high sugar levels. Most type 2 diabetes is due to obesity. 20% are undiagnosed.
A 40-year-old member asked:

What is the role of insulin in diabetes?

1 doctor answer5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joseph Woods
Pathology 28 years experience
Gets sugar in cells.: Insulin is the hormone secreted by the pancreas to get glucose inside the cells and out of the bloodstream. In diabetes type i, the beta-islet cell of the pancreas are destroyed, and no Insulin is secreted. This means glucose builds up in the blood and the cells don't get it, therefore they starve, and death results if untreated. So treatment is to give them insulin.

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Last updated May 18, 2017
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