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A 21-year-old member asked:

is surgery always necessary to remove a gastrointestinal fistula?

2 doctor answers6 doctors weighed in
Dr. Michael Zadeh
General Surgery 17 years experience
Not Always: Gastrointestinal fistulas are treated according to the organs involved and the output of the fistula. Fistulas between the colon or small intestine and colon can be left alone as long as they are not causing infection or malabsorption. Fistulas from the intestine to the skin are classified as high output (>500 ml/day) or low output (<500ml/day). Low output fistulas generally close without surgery.
Dr. Joshua Katz
Colon and Rectal Surgery 28 years experience
Almost always: Most fistulas cause major metabolic problems and are a threat to your health and safety. They are also a risk and cause for cancer if left untreated.

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Will I need surgery for an amniotic sac disorder?

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Unlikely: Without more information, can not answer definitively, but very unlikely.
A 21-year-old member asked:

If I havesurgery to take out a disc in my back, what will replace the disc that the doctor removes?

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Dr. R. Scott Anderson
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Fibrotic scar: They don't remove the disc itself just the gelatinous nucleus pulposis, this is what protrudes and causes nerve root or spinal compression.
A 30-year-old member asked:

What can be done for an anal fissure after two operation of anal dilatation?

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Dr. Buck Parker
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Sphincterotomy: After less invasive approaches fail (such as dilation and medication), a lateral sphincterotomy (cutting of the internal anal sphincter) can be performed to help heal the fissure.
A member asked:

I am taking 60 mg phenobarbital daily after my skull tumor operation in 1995. What precautions should I take for my daily routine?

1 doctor answer3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Mark Fisher
Neurology 34 years experience
Ask yourself why: Was it a skull tumor or brain tumor? Why was the drug started in the 1st place? For seizure prevention? Have you ever had a seizure? Do you still need it? If you still need a seizure med, why phenobarbital? That's a bad drug for adults: bad for your bones, not great for your liver either. Go see a neurologist and ask him/her to reassess everything.
A 40-year-old member asked:

What can I expect from foot surgery recovery?

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Highly dependent: On what surgery you are having.

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Last updated Jan 8, 2015
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