Dr. Sandhya Pruthi
Dr. Sandhya Pruthi
Palo Alto, CA
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Dr. Sandhya Pruthi
I have only one fallopian tube. Is it possible for me to get pregnant? In brief: Your fallopian tubes are a pair of tubes that eggs travel through to get from your ovaries to your uterusFALLOPIAN TUBES FEMALE HEALTH PREGNANT PREGNANCY
Each month, during a process called ovulation, one of your ovaries releases an egg that travels down one of your fallopian tubes, where it may or may not be fertilized by a sperm. You might have only one fallopian tube if you've had pelvic surgery for an infection, a tumor or a past ectopic pregnancy.
Is it normal to pass large blood clots during menstruation? In brief: Passing blood clots during menstruation can be normalBLOOD CLOT FEMALE HEALTH NORMAL MENSTRUAL BLEEDING MENSTRUAL PERIOD MENSTRUATION
The amount, length and frequency of menstrual bleeding vary from month to month and from woman to woman.
I just found out I have endometriosis, which my mother also has. She says endometriosis raises our risk of ovarian cancer, so I should have children early and then get a total hysterectomy. What's the real story? In brief: It sounds like your mother jumped to the wrong conclusion after hearing about a connection between endometriosis and ovarian cancerCANCER CHILD CHILDREN ENDOMETRIOSIS FEMALE HEALTH HYSTERECTOMY OVARIAN OVARIAN CANCER TOTAL HYSTERECTOMY
Ovarian cancer occurs at higher than expected rates in women with endometriosis, but the overall lifetime risk is low to begin with.
I'm concerned that radiation during a mammogram may increase my risk of thyroid cancer. Should I request a thyroid guard? In brief: Probably not, as there is little chance that the exposure from the radiation from breast X-ray (mammogram) will cause thyroid cancerCANCER FEMALE HEALTH GAMMA RAYS IRRADIATION MAMMOGRAM THYROID CANCER
In addition, a thyroid guard could interfere with the accuracy of your mammogram. A thyroid guard or thyroid shield is a lead collar that wraps around your neck to block the radiation that's generated in making X-ray images.
Are Pap tests still needed after removal of the uterus (hysterectomy)? In brief: It dependsFEMALE HEALTH HYSTERECTOMY PAP SMEAR
A Pap test, also called a Pap smear, is a routine screening test for early diagnosis of cervical cancer. If you had a partial hysterectomy — when the uterus is removed but the lower end of the uterus (cervix) remains — your health care provider will likely recommend continued Pap tests.
Does caffeine cause breast cysts? In brief: No, caffeine doesn't appear to cause breast cysts (fibrocystic breast changes), a noncancerous (benign) breast diseaseCAFFEINE FEMALE HEALTH
There's also no evidence to suggest a link between caffeine and breast cancer. Anecdotally, some women report reduced breast pain when they go off caffeine.
Can breast cancer radiation cause dry skin? Can you offer suggestions for relief? In brief: Dry skin after breast cancer radiation treatment is fairly common, especially for people who live in dry climatesBREAST CANCER BREAST CARCINOMA CANCER CANCER RADIATION DRY OR CRACKING SKIN FEMALE HEALTH GAMMA RAYS IRRADIATION RADIATION ONCOLOGY
In addition to dry, flaky, itchy skin, you may experience sunburn-like skin changes to the treated area.
I've read that a mammogram is useless when it comes to detecting cancer in women with dense breasts. Is this true? In brief: Dense breasts can make mammograms more difficult to interpretCANCER FEMALE HEALTH MAMMOGRAM
But this doesn't mean a mammogram is useless for detecting cancer or other breast abnormalities in women with dense breasts.
How are conflicting screening mammograms resolved, especially when they were done at different facilities? In brief: The answer to your question isn't straightforwardMAMMOGRAM FEMALE HEALTH
Most abnormalities found on screening mammograms turn out to be insignificant — in other words, not breast cancer — when additional views are completed.