Dr. James Steckelberg
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Internal Medicine - Infectious Disease
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Dr. James Steckelberg
I'm aware of the connection between sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Does HPV infection increase cancer risk in men, too? In brief: The short answer is yes, but the specific risks are different for menCANCER CERVICAL CANCER FEMALE HEALTH HPV HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS MALE HEALTH
Most of the time, HPV infection doesn't cause any signs or symptoms in either sex, although some types of HPV cause genital warts.
Can mononucleosis recur? I thought that once you got mono you couldn't get it again. In brief: Most people who have infectious mononucleosis, or mono, get it only onceMONO (INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS) INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS MONO
Rarely, however, mononucleosis symptoms may recur months or even years later. Most cases of mononucleosis are caused by infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
What's the connection between mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr virus? In brief: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a widespread human herpes virus, can cause mononucleosis — but usually it doesn'tEBV EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS MONO (INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS) INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS MONO VIRUS
In fact, most EBV infections aren't noticeable, even when they're most active in your body.
Is it true that honey calms coughs better than cough medicine does? In brief: Drinking tea or warm lemon water mixed with honey is a time-honored way to soothe a sore throatANTITUSSIVE COUGH HONEY
But honey alone may be an effective cough suppressant, too.
I've heard that you shouldn't drink milk when you have a cold because it increases phlegm. Is this true? In brief: Phlegm is the thick, sticky mucus that drips down the back of your throat when you have a coldPHLEGM
Although drinking milk may make phlegm thicker and more irritating to your throat than it would normally be, milk doesn't cause your body to make more phlegm. In fact, frozen dairy products can soothe a sore throat and provide calories when you otherwise may not eat.
I seem to get a cold every spring and fall. I'm wondering if these "colds" are really seasonal allergies. How can I tell? In brief: If you tend to get "colds" that develop suddenly and occur at the same time every year, it's possible that you actually have seasonal allergiesALLERGIES HAY FEVER SEASONAL ALLERGIES
Although colds and seasonal allergies may share some of the same symptoms, they are very different diseases.
When do early HIV symptoms first appear? In brief: Early HIV symptoms usually occur within a month or two after infection and are often like a bad case of the fluHIV HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
In many people, early HIV signs and symptoms include: Fever, Headache, Fatigue, Swollen lymph glands, Rash.
Does moderate alcohol use interfere with shingles treatment? In brief: Generally, it's best to avoid alcohol during shingles treatmentALCOHOL ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION HERPES ZOSTER SHINGLES (HERPES ZOSTER)
Shingles (herpes zoster) is a viral infection that causes a painful rash.
After getting the shingles vaccine, my doctor said to stay away from my pregnant daughter and my grandchildren. Can you tell me why? In brief: The virus that causes shingles — varicella-zoster virus — is also the virus that causes chickenpoxCHILDREN'S HEALTH HERPES ZOSTER IMMUNIZATION PREGNANT SHINGLES (HERPES ZOSTER) SHINGLES VACCINE VACCINATIONS FEMALE HEALTH PREGNANCY
Your doctor's concern about your daughter and grandchildren may stem from reports of rare cases in which people with no immunity to chickenpox — meaning they've never had chickenpox or the chickenpox vaccine — have caught varicella-zoster virus from children recently vaccinated with the chickenpox vaccine.
Who should get the shingles vaccine? If I've already had shingles, should I get the vaccine so I don't get shingles again? In brief: The shingles vaccine (Zostavax) is recommended for adults age 60 and older, whether they've already had shingles or notHERPES ZOSTER IMMUNIZATION SHINGLES (HERPES ZOSTER) SHINGLES VACCINE VACCINATIONS
Although the vaccine is approved for people age 50 and older, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention isn't recommending it until you reach age 60.