I was born in Romania and grew up in Israel. I obtained my B.A. at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, majoring in Psychology and minoring in Philosophy and Special Education. I earned an M.A. and Ph.D. in Psychology at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist from 1978. I was a Professor of Clinical Psychology for 31 years, teaching and supervising graduate students in their training toward a doctoral degree in clinical psychology.