After graduation from University of Illinois, Chicago School of Medicine, I interned at Cook County Hospital, then served in United Public Health Service as general medical officer before returning to Chicago for 5 year neurosurgical residency with a strong emphasis on neurology and neuroradiology. From Chicago I came to Santa Maria, California in solo practice, combining both operative neurosurgery and neurology. Lately my chief interests are in traumatic brain injury and behavioral neurology (neuropsychology). Spinal pain and headache have long been prominent in my practice. I purposefully have a low volume practice so that individual patients can be afforded thorough evaluation and then treatment. I have patients I've been treating over 30 years. That is very rewarding.