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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Cancer

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
340 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Cancer that presents in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most thyroid cancers have a very good prognosis.


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Thyroid cancer treatments?

Thyroid cancer treatments?

Surgery: Surgery is needed, followed by thyroid hormone replacement. Depending on how big, what type and whether or not it had spread (lymph nodes involvement), you might also need 1 dose of radioactive iodine. Good luck. Make sure you have a good surgeon and an endocrinologist on your team. ...Read more

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
340 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Cancer that presents in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most thyroid cancers have a very good prognosis.


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Is thyroid cancer genetic?

Is thyroid cancer genetic?

Perhaps: Known genetic mutations are seen in thyroid cancers: braf in papillary; kras in follicular; ret gene (usually point mutation) involving 10q11.2 in medullary carcinoma; p53 in undifferentiated carcinoma. However, "inherited" types of thyroid carcinoma are much less common - although medullary carcinoma is the most common type. ...Read more

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What is thyroid cancer?

What is thyroid cancer?

Often curable cancer: The thyroid gland is in the lower neck and makes essential hormones. Cancers of the thyroid gland are of multiple types; the most common is of the pappliary subtype. Often surgery is the first step of treatment followed by treatment with trace amounts of radioactive iodine which destroys any remaining cancer. In most cases survival and cure rates are very good. ...Read more

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Can thyroid cancer increase breast cancer risk?

Can thyroid cancer increase breast cancer risk?

Not usually: There are some families who have increased rates of a variety of cancers, including papillary thyroid cancer, breast cancer, and colon cancer. But having one does not cause an risk for another; instead inherited genes put a person at increased risk for both. A person with a history of thyroid cancer should be sure to get recommended mammograms and colon tests. ...Read more

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Dr. Andrea Brand Dr. Brand
<b>2</b> doctors agreed:
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Living with Skin Cancer (Checklist)

Avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 2 pm
daily
Apply sunscreen
2x day
Wear a hat outdoors on sunny days
daily
See a dermatologist for checkups
2x year
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What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

No Simple Answer: It is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, both of which are not well understood at this time. In most patients, we do not know why they developed thyroid cancer. In occasional cases, the cause can be traced back to something specific (i.e. Prior exposure to radiation therapy to the neck or to other sources of radiation). ...Read more

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Dr. John Yim Dr. Yim
1 doctor agreed:
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How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

Dr. John Yim Dr. Yim
1 doctor agreed:
How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

Usually Slow.: It depends on the type of thyroid cancer but the most common type, papillary thyroid cancer, usually grows and spreads slowly. There is another very rare type, anaplastic thyroid cancer that grows very fast and is usually lethal. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Kent Dr. Kent
<b>2</b> doctors agreed:
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Managing Pain from Cancer (Checklist)

Ask an oncologist to refer you to a cancer pain specialist
Once
Ask a pain specialist about both interventional and medication options
Once
If you have pancreatic cancer, ask about a celiac plexus block
Once
If you have neuropathy, request a trial of ketamine-based topical creams
Once
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How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

FNA or surgery: The best way to diagnose thyroid cancer is in surgery. The surgical specimen give you the most tissue to look at. It can also give you a "gross" view of whether the nodule had spread through the thyroid capsule (an indication of cancer). That being said, most patients don't jump to surgery right away. In that case, an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is often perform to eval cancer. ...Read more

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What is anaplastic thyroid cancer?

An aggressive tumor: This is an aggressive form of thyroid cancer that can come back rapidly and is general treated with a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. ...Read more

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Thyroid cancer symptoms start out as how?

Lump in the neck: Thyroid cancers may produce a lump in neck over the thyroid; if functional, the tumor may express as hyperthyroidism and cause rapid heart rate, palpitations, weight loss, intolerance to heat etc. Many cancers may be asymptomatic and may only be picked up during a physical examination. Some may not become apparent till metastases develop in the local lymph nodes. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Variable: Early cancer may be asymptomatic. Common symptoms include, mass in the neck over the trachea, lateral mass due to metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck. Metastases to other organs, e.g., lung and bone may be the first symptoms. If the cancer produces hormone, anxiety, nervousness, high pulse rate, heat intolerance, weight loss etc due to hyperthyroid state may be the presenting feature. ...Read more

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Can thyroid cancer cause hyperthyroidism?

Can thyroid cancer cause hyperthyroidism?

Unusual: Most thyroid cancers do not produce excess thyroid hormone. Very rarely, a single nodule can produce excess hormone and be cancerous, but those are very unusual. ...Read more

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Do papillary and follicular thyroid cancers secrete thyroglobulin?

Yes: All cells of thyroid origin secrete thyroglobulin. Measuring it to follow a cancer ONLY makes since if the whole thyroid has been removed. If you have anti thyroglobulin antibodies, that makes thyroglobulin measurements unreliable. However, rising or decreasing anti thyroglobulin antibodies can be a proxy for thyroglobulin measurements. ...Read more

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What is the treatment of thyroid cancer? 

What is the treatment of thyroid cancer? 

Surgery: Thyroid cancer is treated surgically by removal of all the thyroid or a portion of the thyroid. After surgery, patients at higher risk of recurrence or with more aggressive cancers may be treated with radioactive iodine. Rarely, external radiation or chemotherapy is added in very severe cases. ...Read more

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Can you have signs of thyroid cancer on ultrasound?

Can you have signs of thyroid cancer on ultrasound?

Yes: Microcalcifications, unusual shape, increased blood flow, associated abnormal lymph nodes, and growth beyond the thyroid capsule are all signs of a thyroid malignancy. ...Read more

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What are the types of thyroid cancer?

Generally 4 types: There are 4 types of thyroid cancer. 1)papillary (most common), 2)follicular and hurthle cells, 3)medullary and 4)anaplastic (least common and most aggressive). Lymphoma and metastatic disease from other cancer (renal cell, melanoma) can also go to the thyroid. ...Read more

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Cancer detected in a thyroid biopsy?

Cancer detected in a thyroid biopsy?

Needs thyroidectomy: If your needle biopsy revealed cancer, your need to proceed with thyroidectomy. Needle cytology is very accurate when carcinoma is detected. Most thyroid cancers are curable if treated appropriately. ...Read more

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How will treatment for thyroid cancer affect my normal activities?

Depends on treatment: Thyroidectomy is the first treatment. There can be low calcium levels and thyroid level that have symptoms but can be replaced by pills. If the cancer is small then no other therapy. Others may need radioactive iodine and there will be radiation rules to follow and avoid exposure to others. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,407 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


Dr. Mark Ingerman
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more