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Doctor insights on: Meningitis

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Dr. William Singer
857 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Overview)

Infection and inflammation of the membranes lining the brain and spinal cord. Can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi .


Dr. William Singer
857 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Overview)

Infection and inflammation of the membranes lining the brain and spinal cord. Can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi .


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What are the tests for spinal meningitis?

What are the tests for spinal meningitis?

Spinal tap: Spinal tap (lumbar puncture) will determine if there's meningitis and what the organism causing the infection is. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for meningitis?

What are the treatments for meningitis?

IV: IV antibiotics and acyclovir depending on your age. Sometimes JV steroids are used prior to antibiotics is certain types of meningitis. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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What are the complications associated with meningitis?

What are the complications associated with meningitis?

Depends !: Mild viral meningitis may be a short illness, bacterial meningitis is fatal in a few days if untreated we also have fungal and tuberculous forms the complications depend on the age of the patient , the severity of the illness and the speed of diagnosis and treatment mild to severe neurological deficits can occur. ...Read more

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Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Maybe,maybe not: Aseptic meningitis is a term usually applied to that process triggered during an infection with a variety of viruses. The dominant group usually causes intestinal issues like cramps or diarrhea, with a fraction of the patients developing meningitis. The germ may pass to someone not immune, but may or may not cause meningitis. ...Read more

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Is spinal meningitis fatal?

Meningitis: Untreated there will be a very high mortality rate, but if treated, many patients will survive, but the mortality rate will depend upon the causative organism, the rapidity with which therapy is initiated, and the underlying age and health status of the person infected. ...Read more

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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

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When is a headache a symptom of meningitis?

Rarely: If there is a fever, stiff neck, and generalized bodily discomfort, associated with confusion, the headache may merely be secondary to the meningitis infection. Most often, however, headaches are due to migraine, tension or muscle contraction mechanisms, and mainly due to non-infectious causation. This is often sorted out in hospital emergency departments by a lumbar puncture. ...Read more

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Meningitis transmissibility? How transmissible is meningitis?

Which kind?: The answer depends on what kind of meningitis you are referring to: bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, viral meningitis, parasitic meningitis & non-infectious meningitis. I’ll provide info for viral meningitis. The virus is spread person to person (fecal, respiratory secretions). However, just because you become infected with the virus doesn’t mean that you will actually develop meningitis. ...Read more

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What are meningitis symptoms?

What are meningitis symptoms?

Meningitis symptoms: Avoiding light due to the pain it causes. Headaches neck pain and stiffness fever nausea vision changes nausea death - [its really really serious]. ...Read more

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What are warning signs of meningitis?

Do you mean symptoms: Fever, headache, increased sensitivity to light and sound, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, changes in thinking, level of consciousness, and so on. If you think you are getting meningitis go see a doctor asap instead of trying to diagnose yourself. ...Read more

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How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

Somewhat: Overall, the risk to household contacts is 2-4 percent without prophylaxis. Outside the household, risk is smaller but is used when someone was exposed to respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

No: Tuberculosis in any other organ but the lung is not easily transmissible and not considered contagious. On the other hand, tuberculosis in the lungs is very contagious. ...Read more

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What is main difference between symptoms and diagnosis of asymptomatic neurosyphilis and TB meningitis? Can one be misdiagnosed as other?

What is main difference between symptoms and diagnosis of asymptomatic neurosyphilis and TB meningitis? Can one be misdiagnosed as other?

Big difference: Neurosyphilis is usually slow in onset and causes balance problems and dementia-like symptoms. Tb meningitis comes on more quickly and tends to cause double vision or numbness on the face, trouble talking, confusion or stroke-like symptoms. A spinal tap is the best way to make the diagnosis of either test. There is a blood test to look for a syphilis infection. ...Read more

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Is meningitis contagious?

Yes: Although some types are more contagious than others, the three most common types of bacterial meningitis all have vaccines available to reduce the risk. There are no vaccines for viral meningitis, but fortunately viral meningitis is typically less serious than bacterial. ...Read more

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How do you diagnose meningitis?

LP: A lumbar puncture for CSF is done. And the CSF is analyzed. However meningitis is an emergency and in a clinical history that fits antibiotics should be started as soon as possible to decrease morbidity. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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