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Doctor insights on: Levy Criteria Anoxic Brain Injury

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Age 23. Coma patient. Diffused axonal injury. Intraventricular hemmorhage. Bleeding in frontal lobe. Chances of survival? Any possible impairment?

Age 23. Coma patient. Diffused axonal injury. Intraventricular hemmorhage. Bleeding in frontal lobe. Chances of survival?  Any possible impairment?

Not good : Sorry about this one, but there will be a suboptimal outcome at best. Survival may be issue, talk to your doctors, and perhaps an eeg can guide decisions, but hard to predict outcome of comas. Sounds like a profound traumatic event, and since young and severe, have a family conference with the treatment team, and get all your questions answered. ...Read more

Dr. Vasu Brown
313 doctors shared insights

Brain Damage (Definition)

Anything that disrupts tissue integrity can cause brain damage: lack of or reduced oxygen (stroke), viamin deficiency, pressure (hydrocephalus, or, bleeding or tumor inside the skull), blunt or penetrating trauma; infection; inflammation (immune system mediated or otherwise); toxins (alcohol, ecstasy, lead, mercury, arsenic, to name but a few); diseases (ms, diabetes, ...Read more


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Is ruptured brain abscess considered brain injury or traumatic brain injury?

Is  ruptured brain abscess considered brain injury or traumatic brain injury?

No: A brain abscess is a medical emergency and is due to a localized brain infection. If it ruptures, meningitis could occur and cause death. Unless there has been an open head injury, trauma does not directly cause infection. Physical injury such as falling and striking the head results maybe in "traumatic brain injury". ...Read more

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Is ruptured brain abscess considered traumatic brain injury?

Is ruptured brain abscess considered traumatic brain injury?

No: A brain abscess is a medical emergency and is due to a localized brain infection. If it ruptures, meningitis could occur and cause death. Unless there has been an open head injury, trauma does not directly cause infection. Physical injury such as falling and striking the head results maybe in "traumatic brain injury". ...Read more

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Brain injury oxygen deprivation are there institutions which specialize in brain injuries due to oxygen deprivation after taking oxycoten?

Brain injury oxygen deprivation are there institutions which specialize in brain injuries due to oxygen deprivation after taking oxycoten?

Yes: Sorry to hear about your loved one. There is nothing specific about oxycontin-induced anoxic brain injury; however, there are rehab facilities that do specialize in brain injury. Much can be done to help some patients to regain some of their activities of daily living, however most of this is general to all brain injury. Look for good management of family expectations while maximizing function. ...Read more

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What is post-acute brain injury rehabilitation exactly?

What is post-acute brain injury rehabilitation exactly?

Answered: I have already answered this on a previous post...Check it out. ...Read more

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Can a frontal lobe brain injury cause MS ?

Can a frontal lobe brain injury cause MS ?

Probably not : The exact cause of multiple sclerosis is not well understood. However, researchers have looked at a link between brain injury and ms. It is a very weak relationship. About 1 person in 5000 who has a brain injury may get ms, so i wouldn't worry too much about it. ...Read more

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Mri: sm. Amt of subcortical/periventricular signal. Meaning? Mild encephalomalacia. Meaning? history sle, ra, meningioma sx. Age 59. Mri due to dizzyness.

Mri: sm. Amt of subcortical/periventricular signal. Meaning?  Mild encephalomalacia. Meaning? history sle, ra, meningioma sx. Age 59. Mri due to dizzyness.

Non-specific changes: I do not see anything serious in this report. Slight changes of this or that are commonly reported by radiologists. But it is your treating doctors job to put these in proper perspective. All i can see it is that these changes do not point me in any direction except that it can serve as a base line for future comparisons to see if there is any progressive changes in future. ...Read more

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Does multiple head traumas cause brain ischemia?

Does multiple head traumas cause brain ischemia?

Post-traumatic: Repetitive head trauma results in tissue changes quite similar to alzheimers but the lesions are closer to the brain surface. This was first noted in "punch drunk syndrome" in boxing. There is likely some affect on blood flow (ischemia), as one could conceive of a local type of bruising, but this not fully clarified. Regardless the nfl and nhl are both paying a lot of attention these days. ...Read more

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Traumatic brain injury always permanent?

Traumatic brain injury always permanent?

Depends on a lot: This is often the debate which engages forensic neuropsychologists (see http://forensicneuropsychology.Com) and forensic neurologists. Results can vary greatly even with similar ct or MRI findings. Generally severity, presence of intracranial bleeding, elevated icp, early or especially post-traumatic seizures, locaiton of injury, shearing, and pre-injury factors ie. Age, prior injury, health etc. ...Read more

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Are febrile seizures considered brain injury?

Are febrile seizures considered brain injury?

Not usually: These are not entirely uncommon before age 5 when the brain is not very mature and has less ability to suppress excess electrical activity inside the brain. The further it is after that age, it is much more important to bring this to medical or neurological attention. A few early febrile seizures before age 5 usually would not be associated with any significant brain injury or findings. ...Read more

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Regarding traumatic brain injury.Does recovery occurs at primary injury or secondary injury?

Regarding traumatic brain injury.Does recovery occurs at primary injury or secondary injury?

Please clarify: I am not understanding the question on traumatic brain injury and how recovery takes place...Or when? Would like to help you understand this entity a bit better. ...Read more

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MRI brain results Impression- there is cerebral atrophy with subcortical WMC, consistent wit microangiopathic disease, demyelination, or giliosis?

MRI brain results  Impression- there is cerebral atrophy with subcortical WMC, consistent wit microangiopathic disease, demyelination, or giliosis?

Covering the bases: That signal that is seen in patients who age is seen very frequently. Most of the time it is what has become known as microangiopathic disease or small vessel disease. Demyelination and gliosis come with a more notable history. Gliosis or scarring and demyelination also produces symptoms that MRI is useful for. Depends on why you had the MRI in the first place. The first entity more common than 2 ...Read more

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MRI shows chronic infarct right cerebellar hemisphere and inferior vermis with internal hemorragic areas.TREATMENT & PROGNOS? TIME F COMPLT RECOVERY?

MRI shows chronic  infarct right cerebellar hemisphere and inferior vermis with internal hemorragic areas.TREATMENT & PROGNOS? TIME F COMPLT RECOVERY?

Depends upon cause: A cerebellar infarct in someone of your age would likely be due to an embolic cause. Considerations include vertebral dissection, valvular heart disease, or hypercoagulable state. The treatment is different in each case. As far as recovery, the human brain is quite plastic and will continue to improve as long as you stimulate it. In cerebellar disease special attention is paid to balance. ...Read more

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Is traumatic brain injury same as brain damaged?

Is traumatic brain injury same as brain damaged?

No: It's not about being politically correct. It is specific to damage from trauma (such as car crash, etc), rather than other types of damage (stroke, etc). ...Read more

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Dr. Lois Freisleben-Cook
1 doctor shared a insight

Injuries (Definition)

An injury, of any severity, is a condition in which a person has damage to any part of his body. Examples of major injuries include gunshot wounds, knife wounds, large burns, severed ...Read more


Dr. William Singer
294 doctors shared insights

Traumatic Brain Injury (Definition)

Damage to the brain after trauma, meaning direct hits to the head, or a shockwave to the ...Read more