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Doctor insights on: Injury To The Hypothalamus

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What is the best treatment to improve the executive function of the brain, to effectively articulate thoughts; after a traumatic brain injury?

What is the best treatment to improve the executive function of the brain, to effectively articulate thoughts; after a traumatic brain injury?

NUMBER OF CHOICES: Pharmacological approaches include ritalin, nuvigil, adderall, modafanil, to enhance alertness and attention, but other approaches include rehab programs of speech therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapies, and even biofeedback. Although there is little benefit for the memory enhancing agents used in alzheimer's, and occasional pt may be helped by galantamine (galantamine hydrobromide). ...Read more

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Dr. Andrew Berry
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Injuries (Definition)

An injury, of any severity, is a condition in which a person has damage to any part of his body. Examples of major injuries include gunshot wounds, knife wounds, large burns, severed ...Read more


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Could damage to the ventromedial hypothalamus cause nystagmus?

Could damage to the ventromedial hypothalamus cause nystagmus?

Hunger control: VMH is responsible for satiety. It is involved in Fear , feeding , thermorehulation and sexual activity. Nystagmus has many causes : vestibular disease, MS, Myasthenia Gravis, Lack of Vit B1 , commonly Ménière's disease, even Diabetes. Consult your Family Physician if you are experiencing abnormal movements of your eyes. ...Read more

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How does an injury to the spinal cord affect the nerves?

How does an injury to the spinal cord affect the nerves?

Depends on damage: The spinal cord serves as a conduit for information to/from the brain.If cord injury is minor(brief compression/shock) the information transfer may stop for a time & return after any swelling/etc.Is gone. If the injury kills a segment of the cord, the sensation below the segment is lost and voluntary control of muscles below the injury is gone (permanent paralysis). Reflex mvt may persist. ...Read more

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What happens when neurons die by injury!? Specific neurons in the brain , injury to the central nervous system.

What happens when neurons die by injury!? Specific neurons in the brain , injury to the central nervous system.

In most cases: neurons do not have the ability to regenerate, or have only a limited ability at best. There is significant redundancy and unused capacity with the brain's neural network, so depending on the location and extent of injury, it may be possible to compensate for some degree of neuronal loss due to injury. The damage itself is generally permanent, however. ...Read more

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What duration of full body Anesthesia will cause damage to the brain? Will that decrease your IQ? Is the brain unrecoverable from the damage?

Odd question: Where did you get the idea that anesthesia causes brain damage? Anesthesia is a controlled sequence of dropping sensation but while preserving/supporting body functions like breathing, oxygen exchange, fluid balance. These do not damage if done properly. If your question is really about coma, the involuntary loss of consciousness,outcome is determined by the cause of the coma. ...Read more

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Is "the master gland" connected to the brain?

Is "the master gland" connected to the brain?

Pituitary gland: Yes, the pituitary gland is attached through the brain through the pituitary stalk which connects to the hypothalamus. This gland controls most of the major hormones in your body. ...Read more

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Could an injury to the spinal cord cause mental damage?

Could an injury to the spinal cord cause mental damage?

Also watch for meds: Agree with excellent answer above. Additionally, many of the medications used for spinal cord injuries (especially pain medicines and muscle relaxants) can cause cognitive issues. ...Read more

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Is TFCC a injury to the ligaments or to the cartilage?

Is TFCC a injury to the ligaments or to the cartilage?

TFCC is both: It is a carticalginous strucutre that blends into ligmants. That is why it has "fibro" like a ligament. "cartilage" and COMPLEX in its name. THe central disc part is cartilage that cushions but it has a thickened vascular rim that provdde ligamenteouis like structure, the ulnar ligmanets of hte wrsit and the tendin sheath of the ecu blend into this. Think of a sail with supports, rigging ...Read more

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What is the initial treatment, by the emt's, for brain injury in an infant to prevent further brain damage?

What is the initial treatment, by the emt's, for brain injury in an infant to prevent further brain damage?

ABC's: Airway, breathing, circulation. These are the tenets of "in the field" first aid. They establish an airway (can be basic or actual endotracheal tube), breathing (mouth to mouth or bag/mask ventilation can also give oxygen) and (circulation: chest compressions)... That is generally all that is at their disposal. ...Read more

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Can you explain the regulation of adrenal cortex function by the way of the pituitary gland stimulation of the adrena?

Can you explain the regulation of adrenal cortex function by the way of the pituitary gland stimulation of the adrena?

Feedforward/feedback: Hi. Hypothalamus important, but to keep it simple, pituitary ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to make cortisol. Cortisol negatively feeds back to suppress pituitary ACTH. If cortisol falls or a big stress is encountered, ACTH goes up and stimulates more cortisol production. The pituitary "sees" the increase in cortisol, and cuts back on ACTH to keep cortisol in appropriate range. Diurnal pattern ...Read more

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What can damage the the upper brain stem?

What can damage the the upper brain stem?

Multiple problems: in older folks, local strokes, either from end arteries within stem, or without in vertebrobasilar circulation. Might have significant trauma causing vertebral artery dissection. Can see midline posterior tumors, mainly in children. Can be an area of involvement in multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, sarcoidosis, Lyme disease, etc. If there seems localized damage, an answer is needed. ...Read more

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To get a concussion, does the brain have to hit the inside of the skull?

To get a concussion, does the brain have to hit the inside of the skull?

Mechanistics: Concussion by definition is loss of consciousness, loss of memory, or combination of both. Caused by transient impact on base of brain, brainstem, but any additional brain trauma might cause post-traumatic encephalopathy. ...Read more

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What injury of the knee could lead to pain behind the kneecap and the inability to fully extend the leg?

What injury of the knee could lead to pain behind the kneecap and the inability to fully extend the leg?

Several things: Cartilage wear behind the knee cap called chondromalacia, or degenerative arthritis, quadriceps tendinitis, patella tendinitis, and possibly an anterior horn meniscus tear. If it was a impact injury a patella fracture or bone contusion could do the same. ...Read more

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Can a blow to the base of the skull cause brain damage?

Can a blow to the base of the skull cause brain damage?

Neurology: Any trauma to the head can cause "damage". The more significant the trauma the higher the likelihood of a brain injury. Football players are an excellent example. The location of the injury can also determine the type of symptoms that may present. ...Read more

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Is it possible to mess up the function of the vagus nerve?

Is it possible to mess up the function of the vagus nerve?

Yes.: If the vagus nerve is injured during surgery, the function of it will be affected. This can either be temporary or permanent, based on whether the nerve was just stretched or cut. Surgery of the foregut, which includes the esophagus and stomach, are the most common surgeries that can injure the vagus nerve. ...Read more

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Is temporalis muscle wasting after craniotomy due to disruption of blood flow (retraction), or to damage to the motor branch of the trigeminal nerve?

Is temporalis muscle wasting after craniotomy due to disruption of blood flow (retraction), or to damage to the motor branch of the trigeminal nerve?

Likely not nerve: Temporalis wasting is probably from transection and reattachment of the muscle, retraction, as well undermining and devascularing it, often with the use of cautery. ...Read more

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Can MRI scan of the testes detect injury to the scrotal-testicular ligament?(gubernaculam)

Can MRI scan of the testes detect injury to the scrotal-testicular ligament?(gubernaculam)

Challenging: An MRI of such a small structure may be challenging, and making sure there is no motion would be critical. Mri has the resolution to be able to image it, however, I am not aware of any medical literature regarding MRI imaging of scrotal ligament. ...Read more

Hypothalamus (Definition)

An area of brain that deals with maintenance of homeostasis throughout the body. Important for temperature, appetite, weight regulation, coordination with other areas ...Read more